Month: July 2012
In 1920 in the text ' ' Beyond the beginning of the Prazer' ' , It identifies it to Freud as permeando the diverse relations of the citizen with the other. The bias of the transference in Freud and its revision in Lacan, the Subject presumption To know, evidence the importance of this topic in the learning process. The acquisition of knowledge depends on the relation of the pupil with its professors and its colleagues, in a reference to the transferencial relation that makes with them, while representative of its parents and brothers.The transference concept assigns the process used for the unconscious desires for, not only in the analytical relation, to repeat infantile the experiences lived, now, as the present time. Sigmund Freud ' ' Some reflections on psychology escolar' ' Where it is the desire of the pupil for knowing? All that we study psychoanalysis we know that Freud affirmed in its three assays that the estruturao of the intellectual activity occurs from the sexual activity. It affirms despite ' ' sexualidade' ' ' ' activity of pensamento' ' they walk together during first infancy and if they define for the relation of the citizen with knowing.
Lacan in the boarding of the desire as search factor, in says that the desire to them it is, a question that searchs reply in the field of the Other, that is, that it makes to invest in the transferencial place of the other. The studies of the psicanalticos concepts show the essential linking enter the desire of the citizen and its level of motivation. We know that the desire comes of a lack, and this lack to produce the desire for knowing is related with the question ' ' of where it comes bebes' '? Freud called epistemoflica pulso and that when inhibited causes the suspension of the cognitivos investments, that in turn provokes the ticket of the desire to know for ' saber' swims;.
The school enters in this logic in the concession of the space and the responsibility to foment these practical educative. the education of the atletismo must focar its intentions what the letter biggest of this country determines. Although to be about one of the classic contents of Physical education, the atletismo still is very little spread out in the Brazilian schools and if they are worked are being made in restricted way where the lessons if concentrate in few modalities, generally races and jumps. Moreover, in many schools, the atletismo is developed with the classic objective of sobrepujar the adversary, through metodolgicos procedures that they aim at to the income, being to the edge of the creativity, the construction of new forms of movement and of the insertion of the same ones in the pedagogical context of the other sports. Faceta of the divulged atletismo nowadays is that one of the great names, marks and records that, with the support of the media, transform the athletes into true super-men. This work does not intend to approach this vision. We look for to inside focar the arts of the atletismo of a pertaining to school context that has as objective to provide to the socialization, interaction, inclusion, motor and cognitivo development, in end, the human being in its totality.
To work the atletismo content inside of the school we support in them in some metodolgicas theories already studied until this 3 semester of the course of Physical Education. In such a way, some modalities for accomplishment of the tasks directed toward the pertaining to school public had been chosen. 2 – ATLETISMO MODALITIES the atletismo modalities are varied. She is composed of races (100, 200,800, 5000, 10000 meters, among others), jumps (with pole, in height and distance) and the launchings (of dart, record, among others). Then the professional of pertaining to school Physical Education has in its hands a gamma of contents, only in this modality, so that it can study on the subject and transform it into pedagogical activity.
However, its application on this work consisted, in the assistance of lessons in two groups, in the Intermediate school Ours Mrs. of Ftima in order to survey the degree of exploration and transmission of ambient contents in headquarters of manipulation of transversal subjects during the lessons of Biology. 1.6.3.Tcnica of Interview According to Universal Dictionary of Portuguese Language (1999), Interview, ' ' it is conference enters two people in place and hour anticipatedly agreed, or are a colloquy efectuada between two or more interlocutors, in order to get one definitive informao' '. This method, was used to interview professors and pupils, in order to get information related with the degree of depth of interaco and agreement on subjects related with the conservation of the environment. 1.7.Delimitao of the Subject This work is fit in the line of research and scientific inquiry. It focuses its study on ' ' Not capitalizaton of the lessons of biology for the practical one of the Ambient Educao in the Intermediate school of the Estoril in the Beira' ' , as sustentation in the elaboration of the report for the conclusion of the acadmico degree of baccalaureate in Ensino de Biologia for the Pedagogical University. theoretical 1.8.Fundamentao As DAYS (2003) the evolution of the concepts of Ambient Education directly was related to the evolution of the environment concept and to the way as this perceived age. As the concept of environment was reduced exclusively its natural aspects, it did not allow to appreciate the interdependences nor the contribution of social sciences and others to the understanding and improvement of the human environment. With passing of the time, but necessarily in the Conference of Tbilisi, the Georgia, in 1977, the Ambient Education was defined as a dimension given to the content and the practical one of the education, guided for the resolution of the concrete problems of the environment, through an approach to interdisciplinar and of an active and responsible participation of each individual and of the colectividade (UNESCO, 1980).
The fulfilment of the requirements of the titulao is not reflected, necessarily in a epistemolgica and pedagogical formation. The insertion of the professional in the area of the teaching, Institutions of Education Superior, has been to a large extent for the varied knowledge and areas of performance, without same no preparation in educational the philosophical field to endorse the teaching function. We consider that the knowledge in the areas of Sciences Social Human beings and are prerequisite for the university professor, a time that goes to make to understand it as if of the o process teach-learning. Understanding this process it will be able to develop one practical pedagogical condizente with the necessity of formation of the pupil. Each time in the preparation of the university professors for the teaching is necessary to deepen this quarrel on the more complex requirements, therefore it is clearly that the absence of the specific formation if has reflected in the professional quality of the pupils egresses of the IES, that have not obtained to establish the necessary relations between the content lived deeply in classroom and the practical efetivao in its professional exercise. In fact, the resume of the courses it is a basic factor when the quality of the Pedagogical Project of each area is evaluated. One of the resume concepts is on to the etimolgico and means everything what it needs to be taught or to be learned according to an order of progression determined in a cycle of studies. On idea of resume the course, passages, to an organization of subjects, or knowledge, or everything what if it must learn. In the practical a concern it is as to command what necessary to be learned in a definitive order (MASETTO, 2003). Arguing professional resume, focus of our interest, we focus the teaching formation, that if it relates to the scientific knowledge of its field and the field of the education, of the pedagogia and didactics.
Introduction the Ambient Education (EA) appeared as a strategy for the confrontation of two basic challenges, according to Tristo (2005, p.253-254): the disturbance of the ecological balances and the question of the education. Such questions are decurrent of a model of socioeconmico development that if characterizes for the reduction of the reality its economic material level, for the division of the knowledge in discipline that they break up the reality, for the reduction of the human being to a rational citizen, for the division of the cultures. The field of the education and the ambient one meet marked by this cientificista ideology that if imposes globally, on behalf of a rationality of modern science strong. Ahead of this context of societies constructed under the optics of the reducionismo, the necessity of the education of the sensible one, in the direction to work all the sensible dimension of the human being, strong becomes present and urgent for the action/reflection in the ambient field in the direction to look for to develop a more complex and integrated individual to all, as well as conscientious of its performance in society. It is in this context that the present article was thought.
The same it intended to carry through one brief analysis regarding the potential of the art for the context of the EA, this divided the text in four parts: the first search to point out what it comes to be art and its paper in our lives; second it excites the neighborhoods and potentials of aesthetic sensitivity with the EA; third it brings a more intent look for the theater and its potentiality of work with the EA and the last part brings some final consideraes for quarrel. 1. What it is Art? ' ' The art is made to disturb, science tranqiliza' ' (Georges Braque) To appraise art is task says, at least, challenger, has seen to the imensido of treated aesthetic that if had dedicated to such task and still yes we do not have a consensus on the subject.
As mediating of the knowledge the university professor he uses yourself of some mechanisms that stimulate the citizens in its theoretical and practical constructions of knowing. In the vision of freire (2005) the pupil is the citizen of the action, that is, it is capable to develop forms to know and to rescue the values long ago forgotten in its reality, transforming the actions established into realities. Already for Morin the pupil comes across itself in a world estereotipado of complexities, the author defends despite, such uncertainties of the preset dogmas must be studied as a set so that if each time next to the truth can arrive. Thus being, the teaching professional of the superior level can use in its practises educational as methods of education to supply the gaps left for such conceptions through dynamic, questionadoras and critical lessons. Far from approaching formulas magical of as the professor it must act in its pertaining to school environment, we search to analyze conscientiously inside of the theoretical bases more appraised, as during times of searches for these same questions that if enroll per decades in authors who as much know our reality as Pablo Freire and similar situations of foreign authors in the case of Edgar Morin, both understand the challenges that the educator faces to each day in the learning room and had transformed the questionings into theoretical solutions ahead practises of them also for lived deeply them, as we have seen throughout all this trajectory that we are tracing since the beginning of this study it ties this point, from now we will enter in the proposals that also are based on all the theories long ago displayed here. III Educational Proposals Ahead of the conceptions the authors concomitantly, agree that beyond prioritizing the bases of a liberating education, this can and must apply it superior education, therefore, offer to the teaching quality in its practical educative, correlating all the set of discipline in the complexities of knowing for construction next to the reality curing the economic necessities, politics to them, educational and social in which we find in them.