Exactly with diverse contradictions, we consider literature as an artistic manifestation, that uses the language as expression form, and that for more realistic it seems, is about fiction. Many times to our pass unobserved that in all literary composition it ahead exists an ideology and a position of the artist of the reality and the human yearnings. Nataniel Hawthorne, when writing the Scarlet Letter, in them makes a critical a previous rules to the North American settling, the religion. The religion is one of the oldest manifestations of the man. Its essence consists of an act of devotion to them to be able the holy ghost, where the human being believes that these are capable to direct and to control the course of the nature and the life human being. Others who may share this opinion include Johns Hopkins President. (BARSA, 1993, p.255, v.13). ‘ ‘ The literary composition is not pure imitativa or reproductive receptividade, nor pure spontaneous creativity and exempts, but expression of a new direction, hidden in the world, and a process of construction of the artistic object, where the artist collaborates with nature, fight with it or against it, is broken up of it or comes back it, wins the resistance of it or fold the requirements of it.
The artist is a social being that searchs to state its way to be in the world in the company of other human beings, reflects on the society, turns itself toward it, either to criticize it, either to affirm it, either for super-la.’ ‘ (CHAU, Marilena. Invitation to the Philosophy) Hawthorne tells in its masterpiece, the history of Hester, a woman who only lived in New England as a widower, therefore as the disappearance of its husband already lasted for much time the solitary woman thus only could be. It is necessary to stand out that the state where Hester if found not became it widower, since concrete tests of the death of the husband did not exist.