The occured cultural changes in recent years, mainly the ingression of the woman in the dynamisms of the society, the children anticipatedly coexist people who are not, necessarily, of the familiar nucleus. Therefore, the study of the subject is considered of significant relevance to understand the establishment of the significant relations with other diverse citizens of primary the social net the objective of the present study is to know the behaviors of attachment/indifference of the child and of its primary cuidadores in the process of adaptation to the Infantile Education, analyzing and understanding these behaviors in children in process of adaptation to the Education Infantile as well as observing what it intervenes with the adaptation of the small children in infantile schools. The present theoretical research broke of survey of bibliography, published, teses articles and dissertaes of last the five years, inside of the areas of sciences human beings and education, with specific focus in the area of Psychology related with the subject Pertaining to school Adaptation in First Infancy. The search of materials was carried through through the databases Scielo, Academic Google and Capes Vestibule. The analysis of the material was carried through individually, through detailed reading of articles, books and summaries, having had as it guides the questions central offices how much to the aspects related to the development of the attachment between the primary cuidadores and the child, the process of separation-individuation of the child and the pertaining to school ingression and its adaptation in Infantile Education. With this study, one expects to contribute for better agreement of the relation enters the anxiety of infantile separation and materna and the adaptation pertaining to school of children of Infantile Education, as well as the importance of Psychology in the pertaining to school environment, inferring on strategies of confrontation in this process in such a way with the families how much with the involved educators..