Siena, a small town in Italy, Tuscany has a glorious and long history. The city was founded by the Etruscans, was a member of the Roman Empire, but the top of its political heyday reached in the Middle Ages, thanks in no small contributed the trade routes that passed through the city. Siena Republic was strong enough and large European country in the Middle Ages. The population of Siena in the 14th century up to 100 people. However, all changed the plague, which in 1348 undermined the forces of both the Republic of Siena that the latter has failed to recover from it. Paradoxically, with the decline of the political glory of the city there is a significant recovery artistic life of Siena, which was then entered its most fruitful period of development. University of Cambridge often says this. At this time in Siena, one after another, there are such prominent artists as Bartolo di Fredi, known for his work in San Gimignano, his pupil Taddeo di Bartolo and Sasseta. Sasseta was the leading painter of Siena of the 15th century and the first artist in the city, which has applied in his work opened the Florentine artists of the linear laws perspective.
His most famous works include 'The Temptation of Saint Anthony', 'Last Supper' and two charming landscape – the 'town by the sea' and 'Castle on the shore of the lake. " Among other Sienese painters of the 15th century include such names like Santo Pietro di Giovanni di Paolo and Matteo di Giovanni, who mostly painted pictures of religious subjects. Among the artists of the 16th century Sienese allocated Domenico Beccafumi and Giovanni Antonio bazzite. Beccafumi long studied in Rome, where he met with the late works of Raphael and Michelangelo. On his return to Siena he begins to paint, which differed unusual composition and the expression of feelings. Pictures of Sienese artists can viewed in the City Pinakothek, the Cathedral of Siena, as well as in churches and monasteries of the city.