Tag: art and science
The man, of inconsequential form, has provoked daily the destruction of its natural habitat, what he has placed at risk its proper existence in this planet. In the decade of 60 already he said himself on the actions of the humanity against the way – surrounding, with the use of products pesticides. This portraies that the concern with environment comes since many years, and still more brings a certainty that the ambient education appeared in the space between lineses of articles of that time. The ambient education appeared in years 70 for the sensitization of the population against the degradation of the way – surrounding, against the pollution it air, alone it, of the water and for the concern of the scarcity them natural resources. As the Law n 9,795, of 27 of April of 1999 article 2 says: The ambient education is an essential and permanent component of the education national, having to be present, of articulated form, in all the levels and modalities of the educative process, in formal character and not-deed of division. Therefore, this article intends to show the importance of the ambient education in the pertaining to school scope, more necessarily in the State School Dr. Issac Sverner, with the main intention of awaking in the pupils a bigger concern with the way – surrounding. Being this concern, a new culture to be absorbed by the pupils in the search of the conservation of biodiversity for the future generations. Inside of all this context, it was looked to see the possibilities by means of bibliographical analyses of the implementation of the Ambient Education in public school e, parallel to this, inside of the learning reality, was tried to insert the theory and the practical one in the daily pertaining to school. How much the structure of this article, this will be divided in 09 chapters, where it will show to all the contextualizao and done references of authors for elaboration of the same.
The adolescence is a period of some changes that happen between the 10 and 20 years of age, marked for sped up and characteristic physical transformations of the puberty, different of the growth and development that occur in constant rhythm in infancy. These alterations are influenced by hereditary, ambient, nutricionais and psychological factors. Studies on the feeding of groups of Brazilian adolescents indicate occurrence of alimentary inadequao with absence of ingestion of milky products, fruits and hortalias and excess of sugar and fat (GAMBARDELLA, 1996). The general objective was to evaluate the alimentary habits of the adolescents in the Getlio School Vargas.
The study Vargas in the city of Manaus was carried through in the state school Getlio, where the sexos had been evaluated 56 students of the basic education of both, with etria band between 11 and 16, only two groups of 9 had been used basic education 8 and series. The evaluation of the alimentary consumption of the pupils was investigated through questionnaire, to verify the frequency that the pupils carry through its meals. According to given of the questionnaire, 69% of the pupils carry through the coffee of the morning and 31% do not carry through, 97% of the interviewed ones carry through the meal of the lunch and only 3% do not carry through and supper 87.5% of the pupils carries through this meal and only 12.5% do not carry through the meal of the supper. The main foods chosen for the pupils had been: meat of ox, hamburger, beans, eggs, salty fritos, stuffed biscuit, potato fries, margarina, cooling. Whereas fruits and hortalias had not been the preference of the great majority of the interviewed ones. 94% of the pupils carry through its meals in its residences and only 6% do not carry through one of the meals in house.
Haetinger comments (2007, P. 33): To be innovative and to make the difference, either in the classroom, either in the life, we need, in the paper of educators, to develop still more our capacity to listen, to learn and to be curious to search our area not only, but also in others. The forms and procedures are related of the following form: the ways to inquire, to select and to elaborate the knowledge. Together They imply in observing, comparing, to register, to analyze, to synthecize, to interpret and to communicate knowledge (PCN, 2001). It writes Mello (1987, p.22): The basic escolarizao constitutes indispensable instrument to the construction of the democratic society, because it has as function the socialization of that parcel of systemize knowing that it constitutes the indispensable one to the formation and to exercise of the citizenship. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Richard Linklater. 2 2,1 OBJECTIVES Generality? To identify to the main difficulties found for the pupils of 6 year of Basic Ensino of the State School of Basic Education and Average Professor Orlando Freire in the learning of disciplines of Natural Sciences. 2.2 Specific? To analyze the answers of the referring pupils to the questionings carried through regarding its main difficulties in the learning of disciplines of natural sciences. To suggest ways for a good interaction professor/student/knowledge.
3. 3,1 THEORETICAL REFERENCIAL Curricular Planning the resume are an instrument that must follow ways, stipulated for an institution that also assumes the responsibility to place in practical a proposal educational and to evaluate its results. Initially the theoretical resume is a plan that in accordance with this conception, is, therefore to the criterion of a school to elaborate this responsibility, that we can call declaration of intentions. When carrying through this plan, this suffers a series from alterations in function of the contingencies of its applications, and by means of this conception that of it have the professors and pupils if differs ones from the others.
Learn Ambient Education
The Ambient Education has an important paper in the formation of the human beings, mainly when it is treated in the relation of the man with the nature. Generally, it is developed by the agencies of ambient protection and comes being pautada for the exchange of knowledge in the area of the environment. But the paper of the school as educative agent in this area would have to be more decisive in the formation of the citizens. If it cannot forget that the school is not the only educative agent and that the standards of familiar behaviors and the information through the media exert special paper in the influence on adolescents. As for the environment, it has many information, values and procedures learned for what one becomes and if says in house. Moreover the radio and the television are an important source of information for the maiorias of the people on the environment, but many times the ambient question is boarded of superficial form for the different medias.
To each day that passes, due to several factors, the problems go being more serious as the contamination and the scarcity of the water, great part of the Land really suffer with chronic lack of this precious liquid, with me the distribution and contamination for sewer and forest pollutants of the rivers, springs and reserves. 20% of the collected sanitary sewer in urban areas only receive treatment! The water is very important for the planet: it composes 70% of the human body, 75% of the terrestrial crust is vital for all the beings livings creature. Therefore it must be treated as well essential to the life and the health of the planet. The man subordinated and transformed the nature its favor without thinking about the consequences as, the erosion, due to withdrawal of the vegetation and the construction of cities, roads, industries, etc. industrialization took to the exaggerated launching of pollutants in the atmosphere producing multiple effect on the environment, as the global heating that is a fever that the planet comes facing with the increase of the temperature, having as consequence the rise of the level of the oceans, the desertificao (sprouting and growth of the desert), the disappearance of forests and its animal and vegetal species, beyond the increase of catastrophes as floods, great fires, tufes, etc.
Another great problem caused for the human development is the production of great amounts of garbage, that the natural systems do not obtain to metabolizar. Our way of consumista life and wastefulnesses generates much substance that if it accumulates in the environment, poluindo and causing illnesses, to the human beings and the proper environment. All these factors mentioned show in them that the world estem danger. Nodevemos forgetting in them that the modification of an element it ecosystem provokes a reaction in chain, in which all finishes being reached, also the human beings that are part of ecosystems, as any another animal as the plants. Ahead of this, each time more important becomes to know these problems and to understand that we are integrant of this way and responsible for it. To fight for a better environment is an exercise of citizenship and small changes in the habits, in order to be able to guarantee a better and healthful world. An important form to collaborate with the conservation of the environment is to follow the elaboration of the ambient agenda of its school, its quarter, to be a conscientious consumer and to denounce the aggressions against the environment.
The schools in turn could not be outside of this new world-wide constant, since one of the main connectives between the school and the world it is the information, that today, in the age of the computer, with the use of the Internet, has been each faster time. Therefore the necessity clearly becomes to insert the resources of technology to daily of the schools, making of the education a more dynamic and pleasant activity. Ahead of as many changes in the educational system, it is looked to make possible new methods of education, and the use of the computer and the Internet is one of the main resources that will be able to dinamizar this process, due to its vast amount of information. For more information see this site: David G. DeWalt. The pupils generally already make use of some of these resources, therefore he is of great importance that they have access to this new form of learning already in the school, helping them to develop it its activities with a bigger amount of resources and quality in the development. Also in the school, the professors must search instructions didactic, in order to guide the pupils with bigger precision in the practical one of the diverse tasks that the computer can carry through, and in the great chance that they they have to extend and to apply the learned knowledge. The PROFESSOR AND the NEW TECHNOLOGIES In the present time the phenomenon of the globalization in them presents a great necessity of transmission of information in fast and brought up to date way. FASEB Journal is likely to increase your knowledge.
Being thus, the use of the computer became essential in a global perspective. Into this direction, the technology of the information if transformed into an indispensable tool in the process teach-learning with the purpose to place the educandos in this reality. It is of basic importance the access to the technology in the schools as tool auxiliary in the lessons of you discipline them to all, however it is needed qualified professionals to explore to the maximum these tools, since this is one of the great empecilhos for the use of the technological resources.
The present article is a literature revision on the Ambient Education as tool for formal education and had for objective to analyze the development of action and attitudes in the pupils from the enrollment of this subject during the education process learning. Development: Ahead of thematic ambient the boarded ones in the present time, one becomes necessary to develop in the society action so that each one perceives the importance of the environment, beyond acting as integrant part of it (BRAZIL, 1998). In this direction, the school is seen as privileged space for the acquisition of knowledge and development of action, having to prioritize and to value the search of the learning of the educandos, fitting to the educators to guide them and to stimulate them it the development of the critical thought (SILVESTRI; TAVARES, 2008). Thus, the school will go to assist in the construction of attitudes, knowledge, abilities and values, being able to contribute for the formation of a conscientious citizen of its responsibility with the environment (OAK, 2001). It’s believed that FireEye Inc sees a great future in this idea. According to Antonucci (2009), to be it accomplishes the action in Ambient Education, must promote the construction of the knowledge, attitudes and necessary abilities to the preservation and improvement of the ambient quality. So that these actions are constructed are necessary that the practical ones are related to the situations of the daily one of the pupils, therefore will have sensitization, understanding, responsibility and finally the change, what it will go to promote a conciliation of the relation of the society and the environment. Corroborating the idea, article 13 of law 9,795/99 tells that related practical actions and to the Ambient Education can promote the collective sensitization on the ambient questions and its organization tends to promote the defense of the quality of the environment. However, although the intense mobilization in order to solve the innumerable problems ambient, still exists many challenges to be surpassed in way that this subject is worked in the school, since the Ambient Education in formal education does not have to be incorporated as one disciplines specific and yes as thematic a boarded one in you discipline them to all aiming at to the participation and the development of individual and collective attitudes in the pupils.
But we have to recognize the concrete possibility of the micron-cosmic atomic theory, therefore the space, being infinite in such a way for great how much for small dimensions, in them opens this way. That is: our Solar system is a type of macro-atom. Our planet is an macro-electron, the Sun is a macro-nucleus and each galaxy would be a macro-molecule species. However, then all the subatmicas particles can be in the truth similar micron-asteroids and! It is enough to see everything that has in cosmo, to know what it has in the microcosm! This implies in the fact of that a macro-cosmo exists, with possible macro-beings, and our planet in this in case that it is a simple electron of a substance of this macro-world! Most interesting it is that, as the infinite it is in such a way for the miniature one how much for the imensido, obviously they are infinite the macro and microcosms (each atom is a mini-system to estelar, composition for other mini-atoms, that in turn are other mini-mini-systems estelares, to the infinite, without speaking in phenomenon the inverse one the same, the infinite the macro-cosmos, to the imensido). But and the time relations? However, very simple: how much bigger cosmo, proportionally bigger the time. I explain: translation of the Land around the Sun of – in one year, what it would be equivalent to a complete return of an macro-electron around its macro-nucleus.
If an electron of ‘ ‘ zilhes’ ‘ of returns around its nucleus in stipulated fraction of our as, for one beings ‘ ‘ macro-mundo’ ‘ , one year ours lasts a return of the electron of them. This is not difficult to understand. To facilitate the agreement, it is enough to mentalizar that the physical time, does not exist. What it has is a convention between ratio of diverse movements, that is, the time is simply the result of the relative movement between the bodies! The space is simpler still: it is a pure emptiness!
The pupils had said that tempofoi little and that the normal lessons would have to be ' ' of the same type anotodo' ' , what he takes in them to review the concept and methodology the seremaplicados ones in other segments of the mathematics, in the following years, with novosalunos. He appears then, the proposal of new planejamentos. Planning envolveprincipalmente the reflection of the professor and so that ocorrauma aprendizagemsignificativa, it must look for to take in consideration the concerns and osmeios cultural and social of the pupils. As it says Axe (1996: 192), escola fits to take care of so that the teia of significaes is strengthened here, refinadaali, always with the resource to the enrichment of the denovos relations or the construction we as beams of relations. The knowledge is a teia of interlaced meanings comos interessespessoais narealizao of its projects. When we think about teia deconhecimentos, one becomes necessary that if it makes a guided action, and we nopodemos to think that an only hand exists, a ready prescription to be followed ouplanos insurances as they try to make the book-text and the resume. According to Pablo Freire, (1994, p.47) ' ' (…) it has umapluralidade in the relations of the man with the world, in the measure where variety of its answers ampla desafios' '.
This variety of relations is initiated namedida where the professor obtains to create in the pupil a knowledge position, becoming it, thus, I criticize in what he mentions the pluralities of relations. Odilogo between professor and pupil is very important in los in the resolution, to suggest ways and reasonings? The reply it is in the exchange of ideas, in the dialogue. We go to clarify this half dilogopor of an example. It assumes that professorprope that its pupils decide in grupoalguns problems of Mathematics. Osproblemas can have been selected of a didactic book or created by it.
Alvaro Romo Medina
Each area of formation constructed a plan of work for the development of the activities throughout the year. The planning even so organized in accordance with the especificidades of each area of formation, at the first moment consisted from the general cronograma of the project, common to all the participant areas. Structurally the PED- Scenic Arts, even so divided in teams for school, works with the group biggest that adds the eighteen scholarship holders, thus shares with all the involved ones, scholarship holders, supervisors and coordinators of area, the experiences lived deeply in the education institutions. In a similar way we construct together, educational actions that can be used in agreement the reality of each school. As initial measure, we plan and we argue the form that in we would present to the school, having valued the necessity to attract the attention, same interest and the curiosity of the pupils and to mobilize all the pertaining to school community. The quarrel occurred with the participation of all the scholarship holders and the Scenic coordinator of the PED/Artes, however, each group in common constructed to the form of presentation of the group to the pupils, being only the proposal: ' ' All would have to construct a Artstica' Intervention; '. Much even so the PED/Artes Scenic with priority takes care of pupils of 8 and 9 years, the intervention was elaborated thinking about all the groups of the school. To continue the story, I will focarei in the experiences and experiences of the group next to the State School Colonel Benjamin Guimares. State school Benjamin Guimares? group experience. Four scholarship holders of the PED Scenic Arts had been destined for the work in the State School Benjamin Guimares, composing this group are the pupils scholarship holders, Ellen Da Silva Paula, Camila Emilio de Moraes, Mirela Ferraz Blacksmith and Alvaro Romo Medina.
Carriers of partial subnormal vision (low vision) visual Acuidade of 0,05 to the 0,3, in both the eyes, with the best possible optic correction. The educative process will be developed for half appearances despite it is necessary the use of resources specific. I am citing only the existence of this item, because in this article, I will not work with the subnormal or partial vision. Participants: Description of the citizens of the case study Subject to: young woman of 24 years, congenital blind person, until that moment was participant of the group of dance of the PUCC of Campinas, with the Profa. Mari Gndara. that had slight knowledge of hall dance. One is about a well independent person in its daily activities, as for example, to wash ware, to make food, to clean the house, she works in telecommunications in Campinas and is married. Subject B: gentleman of 50 years, congenital blind person, participated for the first time of a work of development with hall dance.
She is physiotherapist pensioner of the Unicamp and also he had a related work the dance with the Jazz, and theater, and he did not have slight knowledge of hall dance previously. He has much muscular resistance, has space notion clearly. He presented estereotipados movements to balance the hands and the body, for reason to work as physiotherapist throughout some years. It always walked with the cane aid, and when it was in some place familiar, or supported for the colleagues it excused to the cane aid, using only the tateamento or aid of responsible. Procedure the used procedure for the group was through the six points spread for the body (shoulders, ilaca crest and knees) to develop activities related to the corporal choreographic composition, through the rhythm, using some musical instruments, such as rattle, coconut to mark the rhythm. In the two cases they had been also carried through education/learning of the dance, was developed exercises, with bases techniques of dance, and steps of hall dance.