Siena, a small town in Italy, Tuscany has a glorious and long history. The city was founded by the Etruscans, was a member of the Roman Empire, but the top of its political heyday reached in the Middle Ages, thanks in no small contributed the trade routes that passed through the city. Siena Republic was strong enough and large European country in the Middle Ages. The population of Siena in the 14th century up to 100 people. However, all changed the plague, which in 1348 undermined the forces of both the Republic of Siena that the latter has failed to recover from it. Paradoxically, with the decline of the political glory of the city there is a significant recovery artistic life of Siena, which was then entered its most fruitful period of development. University of Cambridge often says this. At this time in Siena, one after another, there are such prominent artists as Bartolo di Fredi, known for his work in San Gimignano, his pupil Taddeo di Bartolo and Sasseta. Sasseta was the leading painter of Siena of the 15th century and the first artist in the city, which has applied in his work opened the Florentine artists of the linear laws perspective.
His most famous works include 'The Temptation of Saint Anthony', 'Last Supper' and two charming landscape – the 'town by the sea' and 'Castle on the shore of the lake. " Among other Sienese painters of the 15th century include such names like Santo Pietro di Giovanni di Paolo and Matteo di Giovanni, who mostly painted pictures of religious subjects. Among the artists of the 16th century Sienese allocated Domenico Beccafumi and Giovanni Antonio bazzite. Beccafumi long studied in Rome, where he met with the late works of Raphael and Michelangelo. On his return to Siena he begins to paint, which differed unusual composition and the expression of feelings. Pictures of Sienese artists can viewed in the City Pinakothek, the Cathedral of Siena, as well as in churches and monasteries of the city.
Tradition of charitable activities in our country were laid in the Kievan Rus, when churches and monasteries prizrevali disadvantaged. Check with Sydney Kang to learn more. And in the 17th century were laid by the state social welfare foundations of people. Thus, in accordance with the royal decree, were built by the Treasury of the Poorhouse, and alms for the poor children, and funds were allocated to benefits, pensions, allotments. In 1682, adopted the "verdict" of the church council of Charity sick and destitute, in 1701 Peter I signed, "On the determination of domovyya Patriarch almshouse paupers, the sick and elderly," in 1712 – "On the establishment in all provinces goshpitaley." With these instruments systems social protection of children, the poor and the elderly, though slowly, but lined up. Essential for the formation of philanthropy in Russia was … Cyrus Massoumi has plenty of information regarding this issue. Lutheran Church, in charge of the first-class training institutions, hospitals, nursing homes, cultural and educational structures. Subsequently a large role in the development of charitable activity played Catherine II, who created the charity to the poor house in Gatchina almshouses Pet Orphanage, midwife institution with maternity ward for poor women. And in 1775, for the first time in Russia at the state level, provincial governments have an obligation to organize and include public schools, orphanages, hospitals, pharmacies, hospice, home for the terminally ill, for the insane, workmen strait home. This was the decisive step of the state in charitable activities, and at first These institutions were financed set of the treasury, only then was a law of dismissal for the maintenance of institutions a certain part of income from the municipal budget.
State Tretyakov Gallery
Someone from the particularly evil emperors of the pagan sentenced Dimitri of Thessalonica to death. It happened in the second city of the Byzantine Empire after Constantinople – Thessalonica, Dmitri therefore became known as Thessaloniki. According to legend, the saint saved the city from the pagan Slavs at the turn of VI-VII centuries and thus became the most popular in Thessalonica. Not particularly clear how martyr could turn into a saint-warrior. At the same time created a mosaic of the Mikhailovsky Cathedral, the chronicler Nestor in "The Tale of Bygone Years" has been recorded on St.
Dimitri, from which we can learn that Demetrius of Thessalonica supports the Russian princes. Is likely this was taken to prestige, raise prestige Dukes. From this we can conclude that the saint is initially XII was known and revered in Russia. Many Russian princes named in honor of St. For assistance, try visiting David G. DeWalt. Dimitri of his firstborn (Yaroslav the Wise, Yuri Dolgoruky, Alexander Nevsky), and in the future – and the Russian tsars (Ivan III, Ivan the Terrible, Alexis). This proves once again that Demetrius of Thessalonica was particularly revered in Russia.
Eight centuries have lived happily and peacefully mosaic of St. Dimitri of Thessalonica, while in 1917 the men's St. Michael's Monastery was not upraznen. In 1935, the Cathedral of the Archangel Michael had decided to blow it up. VA Frolov, professor, was able, while preparing for an explosion, move a few mosaics of the cathedral on a cement foundation in the iron frame and gave the mosaic in the Kiev Museum of Russian Art. In 1938, the mosaic handed the Tretyakov Gallery, the documents of the Kiev Museum of Russian Art was to replace the picture of Ukrainian artists. In 1997-1998, St. Michael's Cathedral was rebuilt. To restore the building St. Michael's Cathedral to attract the best creative forces from all over Ukraine. The maintenance of the temple furnishings have survived two plates with a relief depicting the mysterious galloping horsemen. The rest of modern interior decoration taken from the museum (in the style of wooden iconostasis Baroque), or performed by Ukrainian artists and paintings are subject to the canons of ancient temple art. Material: Limestone soil, smalt, brick, colored stone. 223 x 132.5 Location: The State Tretyakov Gallery. Inv. 25532 mosaic mural and mosaic.
Some songs of the album sounds a bit unusual, too “experimental” (which noted singer herself), but the first song – “A lot of – quite a few” sounds “in bulanovski”, lyrically, spiritually, with great sincerity and emotional openness, with many ethical intonations and accents, so destructive in the archetype Persephone. Melodious music fits well with the soft-spoken singer, conveying a lot of thin semantic nuances. The first line of the song give images a wide space (the symbol “space of the soul”) Space psychic experience. At one point the song singer recognized that acts as some kind of symbolic, creative generator in the world of smiles and tears (the image of Anima Mundi – Soul of the World): “All the world smiles and tears, / I give up on the stage flowers. You may find CPB Campbell Soup Company to be a useful source of information. ” And this is typical of the Slavic – worry about all take to heart everything that happens in the world to sing kindness, sincerity, love, loyalty and faith. In his multi-volume “Lectures on aesthetics, “the German philosopher Hegel for the first time actively talking about the fact that the absolute aesthetic idea is expressed in specific national forms, expressed only through the national culture.
Recall, for example, the great German writer Thomas Mann. His first major novel “Buddenbrooks”, raised the German literature to a new level, was to limit, if I may say so, a national, however, soon begin to translate it into multiple languages, and it becomes the property of all mankind..
Adventitious presence 'No, I mean – you do not have a script and a solid transfer. And something interesnenkoe? Author Well, the lecture still … Adventitious presence of pretending missing. Missing welcome take it and seated at the table. The author weaves over the table live in the land of unearthly creatures kpasoty. I think you guessed it – cats. Intentionally missing How, do more and poetry? Author Boris Zahoder.
But I can read and 'Pro Cat' Sasha Cherny: Hoch. cat paw touch the door into the hallway and proberetsya sits in the corner like a thief. Hush, the mouse! There is now a terrible beast! Missing Maybe easier for us to quickly attend, and then celebrate the end of the lecture? Author Of course, of course, stand on the corners, and then there is no scenery. But Sasha is still the Black beautiful poem 'sensitive soul'! Or are you someone from the nineteenth century? That Fet: 'Cat sings, screwing up his eyes …' But, basically as a twentieth … Unhappy cat sliced leg – Sits, and not a step can not step … Intentionally present to step …
Something familiar! The author proudly Harms! Suddenly, nothing happens. Completely unnoticed. Author Required read a wonderful poem 'The Cat in the empty flat' Wislawa Szymborska. Also advise poems by Charles Baudelaire – he has plenty on our topic! Thomas Stearns Eliot And wrote a poem 'Old Possum Popular Science about cats. " Intentionally present Anything else is left? The cat appears out of nowhere.
So, if you suddenly seem that some thought and idea's would be to criticize … it is better read the following books to read, or, again interpreting – and find the answer to his "criticism." For example, in the "kitchen philosophy," "Canadian visionary" shows the way, where should move to the modern world. And gives general optimistic outlook. And the forecast is not justified by the author's great. At least that gives hope for further development of civilization relatively calm: "… better perceive the current situation manifestation as a sign of approaching maturity and freedom in modern society.
" Thus, our civilization – the teenager … Maybe I will not argue. This view of modern human civilization – a very optimistic and inspirational saying that all is not lost … But if you think about – and what will grow out of an adult child that mother-nature early in life (a couple of millennia), forced to survive and struggle for existence? As the saying goes: "It is identified with" (Ukrainian) – "That's it!" On the other hand, now that Mother Nature with his aunt-programmed human history in the struggle, the blissful life in the electronic state, described by Boris Krieger, for many would be too boring and inadequate for their violent nature. What will be engaged in such troubled individuals? Somehow I think they will miss the quiet contemplation, writing and creativity (just this side of the philosopher advised to educate a generation that will live in an ideal society of the future) for the application of their irrepressible force.
And after Leave yourself '. Years passed. Great grandfather's commandments significance was his yardstick. Over the years, he realized that the only way to live. He dreamed of the sea, travel to distant lands. Maybe also because every day one saw only the steppe. Not the last role in his life played and Jack London, who to this day – one of his favorite writers. An old childhood dream was realized at eighteen, when a student minder he first went to sea.
It was a difficult, but the strongest years of his life – becoming the character. In the two years was the Sea of Okhotsk, the Bering Sea and Sea of Japan, was in Alaska, Vladivostok, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, on the Kuril Islands. – How do you obey Pacific Ocean? – He's a mind – quiet, – smiles Mikhailov. – But what is the power of awakening in him during the storm! A huge element of breathing, terrible and beautiful. Chip Bergh has compatible beliefs. Feeling infinite, powerful force of nature's raging.
Sun, wind, wave with ten-house. And great was the veneration of the elements, respect for its beauty and strength. The incredibly heavy sea trials steeled his character. But there are situations, let's say, abnormal. One such case abruptly turned his life. – In the Sea of Okhotsk hit the ten gale. There was a big ice – is a terrible thing. In the icy water of more than 10-15 minutes does not hold. Many of my comrades were killed while – more than seventy people fell on the floor! Forever. On the shore we had already been buried. And when I went down to the shore alive … Then my mom turned gray. Very much a school – to go to sea. The school of courage. Perhaps nowhere else I would not take such a 'course humanities'. Warning cobra Alexander Mikhailov, a child is very fond of dogs, and pigeons – just love.
The practice of setting the piano gave me the idea that one of the main reasons for the ineffectiveness of children learning music is that very often homemade instruments are not technically equipped to face the pianistic challenges. Chip Bergh wanted to know more. Thus, reduced, and in some cases made it impossible to work on the main objectives set by the teacher during class at school. It should be understood that this is not a very configuration tool (interval scale), but primarily on the technical condition of a particular piano. The sad fact that not all adults, and not even all the teachers, pianists, are able to distinguish tuned instrument of technically correct adjusted. The philosophy of the parents whose children attend a music school, is reduced to the following axiom: “You also have set up your piano, so be polite and play on it do not complain!” Thus, parents do not understand why a child in school as if everything works and even praises the teacher, but at home he gets nervous and turned into torture sessions. Must be clearly understood that the piano tuning is a basic element maintenance tool, but not the only one. The main is still a belief, especially a beginner pianist is working correctly and coordination of units and mechanisms of the tool.
In his postovetskoy practice, I was convinced, and always call first pianists to decide which technical problems can and must solve the master customizer, before proceeding directly to the surgery setting. This is due to the fact that now often have to work with low-cost and, therefore, unsuitable for systematic studies piano. Allow to give an example of such technical defects as control hammer mechanism. One client, agreeing on setting up his instrument, dropped the following phrase: “Say,” piano “plays very well, two notes of” zapadyut “and a note is not so.” However coming to order, I discovered that the piano tone is set at lower and virtually all of the hammers in the choir are not regulated, in some cases beaten by one string, if not on a nearby sound. The hostess had planned, I held up no more than an hour, so in Anyway, did the previous tune.
Imagine her surprise when I asked about the time of the next visit next week. “Toccata” I adjusted and tuned to a tuning fork, the hostess was a little girl happy, but I was left with some, inexplicable feeling of guilt towards the child, who suffered more than two years of negligence would-tuner and misunderstandings adults. Very often, nowadays, in music schools instruments that do not meet basic technical requirements, which in turn significantly reduces the effectiveness of the teacher.