Who does not remember a narrative on fantastic beings counted when still small? how many times these histories are not repassed of generation in generation perpetuating the teia of the verbal tradition? the books? This magician what they in them impose when as many times identify in them with a personage, its devaneios and problems? We notice clearly with these indications that literature states the man and later it acts in the proper formation of the man (Candido: 1972, P. 2). This humanizadora force and also source of satisfaction of desires in the aid to answer one second question: Why to stimulate the literary reading in the school? Exactly because such reading can assist in the formation of the children and adolescents, activating its imaginary one, helping to answer questions through the analogy between the real world and the fictitious world, of the comparison of the problems of the personages and the proper reader. As Zilberman, (1990, P. 19) the reading of the literary text constitutes a sintetizadora and complete activity: The reading of the literary text constitutes a sintetizadora activity, in the measure where it allows the individual to penetrate the scope of the alteridade, without losing of sight its subjectivity and history. The reader does not forget its proper dimensions, but it expands the borders of the known one, that it absorbs through the imagination but deciphers by means of the intellect. Therefore one is also about a sufficiently complete activity, rare substituted for another one, exactly of existencial order. These have its direction increased when opposed to the experiences transmitted for the text, in way that the reader tends if to enrich thanks to its consumption. The importance of the literary reading becomes evident, in the measure where this beyond humanizar helps to decipher and to understand the proper life, assists to give more security as for the experiences of each reader, beyond, it is clearly, of being educative, as much in the direction waited in the school, how much, as already we saw, in the life of each reader.
As the proper name says is orientaes for a geography resume, these orientaes had been developed with principles of Kaercher (1998), with the pretension through reflections with the attempt to renew practical the curricular ones. This document has broken of three analyses made for Milk (1993),) a construction of the subject front to the world, that is, not having been enough that to the professor ‘ ‘ doe’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ deposite’ ‘ the knowledge for more critical than it can seem in the pupil. With the pupil, yes. For the pupil, not. To fight the resume vision that privileges the information and quantification or spalling of knowing. The creation must be emphasized.
To unite information with reflection. To more than search a version for a fact. To show to the conflicts of interests and the messages in the space between lineses of the texts. b) A transforming action of the citizen on the reality. ‘ is not enough; ‘ to know mais’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ to know mais’ ‘. She is necessary that this knowledge is prxis, that is, a combination of action-reflection in the daily one of the person. To transform the reality implies to assume the character politician of the education with the taken consequence of decisions.
An alert one: to respect the other, the different one, is basic condition for the democratization of the school and the society. c) One to think relationary and to multidiscipline. Knowledge is a multiple confusion and complex relations and these must less be each time become attached the rigid academic borders.
We detach the importance of the Educational Orientation in the mediation of the process teach-learning, evidencing the necessity of action integrated of the OE, adopting a dialgica relation with all the pertaining to school team, in favor of one better performance of the educandos. In this direction, we recognize the importance of the planning for Educational Orientation, aiming at to the elaboration of performance projects that take care of to the necessities appeared in each reality. Finally, we emphasize the main challenges and possibilities of the Educational Orientation in the present time, presenting itself as work field each more complex time in our society. DEVELOPMENT The Educational Orientation appeared at the beginning of century XX, in the United States, with intention to guide the educandos for one adequate professional choice. Its function was to help the pupil to define one better position or profession that it longed for to exert. But, then unreliabilities had appeared and difficulties of educating and thus, a more including assistance for well conduziz it was necessary social and personal life.
On the basis of the studies of Nerici (1976) we verify that in Brazil the Educational Orientation appeared for 1930 return, for the Loureno educator Son, with the denomination of ' ' Service of professional Orientation and Educacional' '. Later, in 1940, the educator Junqueira Maria Schmidt, unchained a work of spreading of the Educational Orientation for all the country, through courses, conferences and writings, by means of the CADES (Campaign of Perfectioning of Secondary Ensino) and of the Ministry of the Education and Culture, stimulating the creation of the Educational Orientation in the schools. The expression understood Educational orientation as a service auxiliary of the school appears for the first time, in the federal legislation, in Decree N. 4,073, of 30/1/42 (organic law of Industrial Ensino). The formularization cabvel, however, appears in the Organic Law of Secondary Ensino, in the Decree n.