In this direction, it affirms Ana Clia Silva (2001, P. 24): ' ' To propagate the inferiorizao of the black and the supremacy of the white is a form of conscientious or unconsciously, to strengthen racism to brasileira' '. Literature has contributed, of this form, to promote an only standard cultural partner in detriment of others denied in its wealth and diversity. This if becomes perceivable if valuing the white ethnic-racial group in detriment of the black, which is neglected in the literary compositions, without name (Brown Boy), animalized, in papers of alluded servants or to the dirt and the tragedy. Literature acts in our lives to join basic myths of community, its imaginary one or its ideology. In Brazilian literature, however, black is the excluded word occulted frequently, or a representation invented for the other, being always the element delinquent (MUNANGA, 2005 P. 86).
In the context of years 80, infanto-youthful literature, in the attempt to breach with the negative attributes regarding the black personages, left to desire. The fact of these narratives to present black personages as protagonists is an evident innovation, since these personages had always occupied irrelevant papers. The problem is in the fact of as the protagonist is portraied black, the social space where the personage if finds, the vision that they have of its race. Still in years 80, one searched to denounce the problematic one of racism, showing that the racial democracy is a myth, therefore only exists in the paper, however, what it is observed in these histories is, one more time, the inferiorizao of the black personages, the humilhao the one that the blacks are submitted, without speaking in illustrations, still, contemptuous. In the present time, with the implantation of the law 10.639/03, that cousin for the ressignificao and valuation of the history of Africa and African culture and afro-Brazilian, urge the necessity to correct injustices, to eliminate discriminations and to promote the social inclusion and the citizenship for all, in the Brazilian educational systems, taking for base, as much literature how much history.