the Brazilian experience (1500-2000) Formation of History. 2 ed. So Paulo: SENAC/1999. The cited Workmanship is a coletnea of assays produced for diverse historians, organized in two volumes for the historian Carlos Guillermo Mota, which deal with on diverse aspects and periods History. In the chapter ‘ ‘ Why Brazil was different? The context of independncia’ ‘ with the old metropolis and other common obligations and decisions to an emancipated nation, what for it, if they constitute in fascinating subjects for the historical inquiry. The author still detaches the subjectivity with that we face the independence movement, therefore rare we consider it a bad, negative thing and assevera that, in the case of the independence of the independent nations of Latin America, also Brazil, the persistence of the colonial inheritance if became pressing for the fact to have for more than been three centuries of Iberian domination. The impact caused for the Portuguese and Spanish domination was much more deep in pre-Columbian America, therefore in its territories the social populations, religions, structures and standards of behaviors had been lowered, desenraizados and destroyed in catastrophic way. For it, Latin America cannot be understood if total be seen only by the optics of the context of the nations of the Third World, therefore the impact of the settling Spaniard and Portuguese finished for generating nations, whose peculiar traces and characteristics so had been miscigenados, that it was difficult to segregate them. In the following point Maxwell, she speaks on the process of descolonizao in Brazil, that in the decade of 1820 inside negotiated its relationship with the external world of the limitations historical, geographic and of experience. It calls the attention for influences of the theory of the dependence on the theoretical construction of this period on the part of studious Brazilians, amongst which the teacher Emlia Viotti of Costa and Fernando You novate, that they had played an important role in its evolution.