Although in this case about 99% of information you can only guess. Why do I have an example? By this I wanted to show that words, sentences, paragraphs and even many, if not impossible to comprehend the pages of the books separately, in isolation from the rest of the context. In reality, more or less complete image can be formed by reading only several pages. And if we take any sentence in isolation, meaning it will be oh, how little. It does not confuse the meaning of (the image that you experience) with a sense of clarity of the text. If I give you an example: "Mary is a bucket of water "in terms of reading comprehension is fine. The proposal is very simple. But it can not even be as small as desired target information.
We do not know that for Mary, as she carries a bucket and some water. The fact that you have understood this sentence as a set of words, almost anything you do not give. And if you read "16 years, Mary, iron, bucket, spring, water, 10 l, 5 miles, my mother," you'll see that even though no great connection between the words there, informativeness of this set of words above, and you can even make this kind of story. Enough time to snatch the right words. On the other hand, reading any book, we anticipate a 50 percent further content.
Since, according to the laws of writing literature, thought, ie, we perceive the image may not change dramatically, and the plot is rotated 90 degrees. You it was easy to build a story of a group of words in the above example also because before that was the sentence "Mary is a bucket of water." This is how the semantic conjecture or anticipation. All these factors make it possible to accelerate: First, begin to read any book in the usual way after securely install a complete image of what we read, we can just briefly skim along the lines, noting only one thing: the changing idea of the text or not. The change of mind can still detect and separate words such as "this way, of course, as a result, in reality, however, because it turns out …. " Seeing such a word, we can slow down, noting that author had in mind, and then dispersed through the text. If you take any paragraph, then the most informative, are usually the first and last sentences. When I write a "cursory skim along the lines …" I mean that, apart from fast-motion look at the page, "your head" must be present clear image of what the text says. This creates a special hypnotic state, which is necessary in order to take the text at the same time the larger semantic units. Thus, in many cases, improving reading comprehension. You begin to see the forest through the trees. To practice this state can use a table Schulte. Speed reading training cues.
The integrated program of formation of the research competence of the students intended to include the contents of the laboratory work additional research tasks aimed at: strengthening the research nature of the work, promoting research abilities of students, focused practice application of knowledge. In this theoretical information on how to conduct research students reported directly to the laboratory and practical classes, where it was possible to clearly demonstrate the features and stages of the case studies. The program of formation of research students Military Institute suggests a gradual complication of rate to the rate of the studied methods of activation and stimulation of the search for solving creative problems, conduct research. This complication is achieved through the use of complicating conditions. In particular, the teacher methods such as the method of time constraints, based on the view of the substantial influence of temporary factors on mental activity, the method of sudden prohibition, which is based on the prohibition of students used in their constructions any mechanism, the method of new options based on the requirement for students to solve a problem in another way, the method of information failure, based on the fact that the condition of the problem is the bulk of the data needed to address, method of information glut, of including in the original condition of the problem obviously unnecessary information. At every stage of the control activities are usually carried out comparing the goals and results of 9, 10. Control over the research activities of students from the teacher and self-created conditions for the formation feedback, which provides for the regulation of research student, changes in the forms, methods and means of organization.
Many preschoolers know not all the numbers, and call or ‘learn’ are just some of them. The kids are confused and figure number, the numbers and letters mixed up the numbers together: 2 and 5, 3, 5, 9 and 6, 1 and 4, 2 and 7, and others often violate the consistency between the neighboring figures from the series. Certain difficulties arise in some children, when the result of the account must be designated by a figure or a figure to correlate with the required number of subjects. The following training and game situations will help you solve these problems. Have your child lay out the numbers of dots, rods, cubes, geometric design of the details. You can cut the numbers of velvet or plain paper, old newspapers or magazines, oilcloth, fabric and glue them.
Figures are available in the form of bulk pieces (“molds”), cards, where the contours of the figures may be convex or, conversely, marked grooves, rough or smooth numbers signs pasted on the rough paper (by Maria Montessori), etc. Children examine and solve the figure to the touch. We consider the figures, made of different materials: paper, fabric, cardboard, oilcloth, with different sizes and colors of different skills (written and printed), etc. You can also find out who knows what numbers are and where they saw. Children do any movement as many times as “shows” the card with the number held by the presenter.
In this case, children may assume aloud with an adult or herself. Can complicate the task: the movement must be performed on 1, 2, and so once more or less than “said” figure. Instead of cards with numbers (or mixed with them) you can use cards with the images on these objects (in a row in a circle or another location) or the so-called “numerical” figures. It is proposed contour image for shading or coloring or stencils outlined with numbers and subsequent coloring or shading making figures turn into funny shapes. Adult finger paints the figure in the air, and the child guesses it. Shown two cards: one depicted the figures on the other various items, the child must determine whether the image numbers on one card number of circles, dots, triangles or other objects on the card. The child should be called objects, which are similar figures.
Many customers think that any qualified translator can easily translate the text of any subject. Usually this happens when the translator is taken as the overall theme of the text, but with other types of text is not the case simple. To understand this situation the customer is enough to open a book from a highly specialized field, such as text in the field of eye microsurgery. All of us it is obvious that in such a highly specialized text, we understand is not very much. But the interpreter something else needs it and move! The main problem in the translation of highly specialized texts is that the text requires understanding of the interpreter. If it were not so, then the problem interpreter for a long time would be reduced to a mechanical substitution of words from one language to another word. Such a task could be successfully carried out computers. However, a computer translation is still known for its "pearls", which Translators are not tired to share with each other.
For example, the German word Ruckscheinwerfer (taillight) Famous translates as "thrower return ticket," and the phrase Dachsaulenverkleidung ausbauen (to remove the upholstery-pillars) as "development Dressing up a column of badgers. " Note that the formally correct, especially in the first case. And a computer program, and not enough skilled translator can make a mistake in this case: both the program and the translator sometimes can not select the correct translation. Even specialized dictionaries are not much help: each term (especially technical) can have several meanings, without knowledge of context can not select the correct term.
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