Many attribute the same meant for both, However the letramento and alfabetizao if associate more are two distinct things. Having as objective generality to alfabetizar letrando what it makes possible educating to relate and to use its learning in real situations of the daily life. Recently Fine Arts sought to clarify these questions. through this we also present other requirements that go tabulate given that they will go to enrich such research on the letramento and alfabetizao, uprising some referring questions to the letramento capacity and alfabetizao that will be developed, to analyze the difficulties and to work with the acquisitions of the reading, the writing and the production of texts. In this research one becomes with that to use it bibliography, qualitative and descriptive. Having as metodolgico procedure studies, courses, seminaries, conferences, debates that consider to socialize it studies regarding the relations between the phenomena of the language, the school and the society, carried through by researchers as much of the national UFMG as of other institution and of the exterior. Based on the theoretical line of the teacher, TO SOUND, researcher in Language Education. Official site: Ronald J. Daniels . 2. THE RELATIONS OF THE LETRAMENTO WITH THE READING AND THE WRITING: The letramento this related to the direction to teach to read and to write inside of context where the writing and the reading have felt and are part of the life of the individual. At the same time it is basic to understand that they are indissociveis and have its especificidades, without hierarchy or chronology, being able to letrar the individual before alfabetizar or vice versa. The reading and the writing are two complementary processes: they are different, but the letramento involves both, considering that each one of this constituent is a set of different ability, and an only ability with the perspective of the individual dimension of the letramento, not being also a set of linguistic and psychological ability.