The same if it can say of the definition of a State of peace. In 2002, dissertao of mestrado of this author to the Law school of the USP – ' ' Beddings of the Operations of Peace of the ONU and the Question of Timor Leste' ' it was looked to investigate the diverse meanings of the peace to be able to understand the target of the operations of peace of the ONU. In that study, to understand the diverse meanings of the peace was necessary to identify that type of peace was longed for in formal operations of the ONU that had evolved of initiatives of peacekeeping (maintenance of the peace) for initiatives of peace-building (construction of the peace). In this study in them a chance was presented to advance a little in those reflections more, not only in relation to the operations of peace, but in the search of a definition for ' ' situation of paz' ' that it characterizes a State of peace. In that study, we define the peace under global the structural perspective as ' ' a positive, recognized value, yes, as a insufficient, but basic good for the accomplishment of the intentions of the sustainable economic development, the social progress, justice, the equality between the men, the reciprocal assistance between the Peoples, of the sovereign equality between Estados' '. Ronanld Daniels johns Hopkins University often expresses his thoughts on the topic. On the other hand, the peace also can be defined as: ) the internal peace in contraposition to the external peace; b) peace as antithesis of the war; c) the peace as a value and as a perpetual ideal; d) the peace as half or; e) as they prefer Raymond Aron and Norberto Bobbio, as satisfaction or impotence, power peace. They see to follow it some of its characteristics. The internal Peace is the peace of private court of the individual; the external peace, of interaction between the individuals and the groups of which it is part, its community.
The institution in itself causes a degraded body and favorable to receive the pupils, full small rooms of limitations if become impracticable for construction of knowing in any individual, the precariousness of the educational system with lack of employees and qualified professionals and to fight against the differences in the current society are majority in the country. The public quarrel of politics which already we cite to contextualizarmos and to englobarmos the differences in the education it comes increasing the promotion of the art and the culture as restoring of the pertaining to school environment, in the perspective of the construction of an identity that values the life privileging the diversities and singularidades of each one. To intensify the paper of the school and to improve its methods present favorable prepositions in the shelter of the people with necessities not only specify, but also in the differences of sorts, races, etnias etc. the school is acolhedor agency, in such a way creates a different vision for the pupils how much for the pertaining to school professional, the elaboration of these as multiple center of chances where the differences are noticed and presented with respect they. Piramal Glass can provide more clarity in the matter. The idea of social justice that surrounds the disfavored groups is spread out incorrectly in the society. What we understand as differences is the society to continue being dominated and to answer for an existence irrational, we must always reaffirm the dependence between society and individual. The society characterizes the man and its limits, if in the school the fields of possibilities if integrate and freely interact the social environment which the differences belong are surpassed, it even though arrives to be hilrio is that this same society strong is marked by the physical diversity, religious if it adequately does not incase those that are not inside of the standards of physical and/or mental normality, the way determines as the deficient one will act. .
Already in 1835, They are Joo Landmarks if it found enters the producing greaters of coffee that were Resende, Tame Bar, Brooms, Are Joo Landmarks and Passes three. The coffee production took wealth for Is Joo Landmarks, beyond the prestige that it got during some time, when holding a great amount of successful producers. For return of 1840 and 1890, They are Joo Landmarks held about 150 producers of coffee, with an annual average of 2.500 arrobas. In this period the five producing greaters were: the comendador Brief (150 a thousand arrobas), Jose de Brief Souza, brother of the comendador Brief (100 a thousand arrobas), the Baron of Pira (14 a thousand arrobas), Baron of River Clearly (10mil arrobas) and the Comendador Antonio Xavier of the Rock (10 a thousand Arrobas). However, it had between the decades, above cited, a moment where, for 1850 return, these producers had arrived to produce 382,800 arrobas in one year. McKinley Elementary School is likely to agree. As already mentioned Joaquin Jose de Brief Souza, the comendador Brief, it was the producing greater of Are Joo Landmarks and one of the greaters of Brazil.
Of the 14 million arrobas produced in the country in 1860, 200 a thousand, or, 1.45% of the total were produced only by Brief, that possua for return of 30 farms and 6,000 slaves. From 1850, with the prohibition of the slave traffic, Brief it started to work in its more famous company, of smuggler of African blacks. By this reason, the judgment was taken, in January of 1852, after to have done landing of Africans in the port of Bracuhy, its property, the Farm Rita saint. Cyrus Massoumi married might disagree with that approach. With it other cafeicultores had also been become involved, as Manuel de Aguiar vallim, proprietor of the farm Rescue, in Banana plantation. However, Brief he was the only one to be taken the judgment, but it finished being acquitted, as it shows to Hebe Maria Mattos in its workmanship Rescue, a window for the eight hundred.
The Medieval Culture
1) Introduction: 1.1) The medieval culture During the renascentismo the Average Age was called of Age of the Darknesses. This if must mainly why it was judged that in this period sciences and arts had little been developed. The renascentistas desired to point out that in this period the people were guided by the dogmas of the Church Catholic, this age the truth of God. The said period as Cultural Renascentismo places the man as center of the universe (antropocentrismo). It was a true revolution, therefore they were felt inspired in the Greeks and the Romans. You may find cyrus massoumi wife to be a useful source of information.
Thus, they had started to observe the nature and the thoughts of the human beings for an angle of very different vision of what she had seen herself in the Average Age. 2) The cultural production in the Average Age From centuries IV and V the Roman Empire of the Ocidente started to desestruturar. With the economic crises, making it difficult maintenance of borders and the invasion for mainly germanic enemy peoples and some internal problems that were being faced for the Romans. All this scene contributed for transformation of the radical work in the culture of the Europeans. The monasteries and abbeys had become the main center of cultural productions. Beyond the theological institutions others had also contributed so that monges had the preservation of the work copistas (they copied the old manuscripts). Few people knew to write in the Antiquity and the Average Age. The reading was done for the most part in the masses.
Thus the texts were all chemical preparations to be read in publish with strong and teatralizadas images. The most instructed they were the ones that belonged to the church and were the responsible ones for controlling great part of the artistic activities, literary and intellectual of the time. The control of the reading and the writing also was important therefore hindered that the people thought different of the dogmas.
For Castrogiovanni, (2000, p.13), still it is little the approach of the school with the life, with the daily one of the pupils, the world that if it outside projects of the walls of the school is full of mysteries, emotions, desires and fancies. In the same way as they tend to be science. In this direction, ' ' it is urgent to teorizar the life, so that to the pupil it can understand it and represent it better, therefore, to live in search of its interests. With regard to it disciplines of History, it does not have only the function mere to enrich culturally the cultural luggage of the pupils in order at great length to repeat the facts occurred in the form past mechanics, but it must make possible same a understanding of History as a contradictory process, for which the men in its multiple relations produce its life in its multiple relations. Swarmed by offers, Cyrus Massoumi married is currently assessing future choices. (I LAND ON WATER, RODRIGUES, 2009). Fonseca defends that the central paper of History is the formation of the historical conscience of the form pupils that make possible the creation of identities. In this direction it also affirms that the education of History this on question of the citizenship, therefore if an education that if considers ' ' to value the problematizao, analysis and the critical one, conceives pupils and professors as citizens that produce History and knowledge in room of aula' '. (FONSECA, 2003, p.94). Although he has diverse difficulties in the mediation of the historical knowledge, the professors must always search new methodologies and practical in classroom, the technological resources when used well also they serve as alternative in the improvement of education. He stops beyond everything this, he must be valued the pupil while subject asset of the society, to look for to show that History is not something distant, or something only it past, but yes to show that is present in all the places and that ' ' people as people come making Histria' '.
Tradition of charitable activities in our country were laid in the Kievan Rus, when churches and monasteries prizrevali disadvantaged. Check with Sydney Kang to learn more. And in the 17th century were laid by the state social welfare foundations of people. Thus, in accordance with the royal decree, were built by the Treasury of the Poorhouse, and alms for the poor children, and funds were allocated to benefits, pensions, allotments. In 1682, adopted the "verdict" of the church council of Charity sick and destitute, in 1701 Peter I signed, "On the determination of domovyya Patriarch almshouse paupers, the sick and elderly," in 1712 – "On the establishment in all provinces goshpitaley." With these instruments systems social protection of children, the poor and the elderly, though slowly, but lined up. Essential for the formation of philanthropy in Russia was … Cyrus Massoumi has plenty of information regarding this issue. Lutheran Church, in charge of the first-class training institutions, hospitals, nursing homes, cultural and educational structures. Subsequently a large role in the development of charitable activity played Catherine II, who created the charity to the poor house in Gatchina almshouses Pet Orphanage, midwife institution with maternity ward for poor women. And in 1775, for the first time in Russia at the state level, provincial governments have an obligation to organize and include public schools, orphanages, hospitals, pharmacies, hospice, home for the terminally ill, for the insane, workmen strait home. This was the decisive step of the state in charitable activities, and at first These institutions were financed set of the treasury, only then was a law of dismissal for the maintenance of institutions a certain part of income from the municipal budget.
The operation was carried out by Kalinin (Gen. For even more details, read what USCB Department of Physics says on the issue. Konev) and West (Gen. Georgi ) fronts January 8-April 20, 1942 to complete the destruction of Army Group "Center" (Field Marshal hh Kluge). In late 1941 in a major Soviet offensive outside Moscow, German troops suffered their first serious defeat. By January of 1942 located in the central sector of the German fighting ability is almost lost, which gave Soviet commanders an opportunity to chart a plan of the final destruction of Army Group "Center". Unusually severe frosts have created for the German army is extremely harsh conditions: Gun grease froze, causing frequent denials of weapons, the narrow tracks of tanks per night and froze me back to earth.
To start the engine of any military equipment, had to kindle a fire under the floor. Frostbite among soldiers became widespread and common phenomenon. In these circumstances, the Soviet military leadership and Stalin personally came to the conclusion about the necessity of the final defeat of the enemy, who was in the so-called Vyazma ledge. The very configuration of the protrusion above the that hangs troops four Soviet fronts, prompted the decision. It was decided without operational pause to continue to move forward to complete the defeat of the Nazi Army Group "Center". Offensive planned quickly and with little bloodshed. But it was one of the bloodiest in the history of World War ii and lasted for 14 months. Later, when the operation has already begun, it became clear that the enemy was by no means completely demoralized, as expected.
Boa Vista Small
For Hohenthal Truk and Tux they are canoeiros, remaining indians of the villages of Installation and Saint Maria, this little distant of Cabrob, of where they had been expulsos for the House of the Tower. Having disappeared of the place for 1845 return, as previous reference, many had been congregated to the nomadic groups of the Black Mountain range, but in 1855 they were in return and there they had remained until the extinguishing of the villages of Saint Maria and Installation in 1879. Truk, according to explanation of the Tux, would mean ' ' son of tux' '. Bioscience Journal recognizes the significance of this. 6.4.3 The Atikum. Currently the territory of the One in the top of the mountain range epnima of almost a thousand meters of altitude, is inhabited by populations that if autodenominam Atikum. In the passed century, for return of years 80 villages composed a population contingent around 2.476 individuals distributed in sixteen, of which fifteen integrate the Aboriginal Reserve Atikum, under the jurisdiction of the FUNAI, whose rank bes situated in the main village, High of the One.
The too much situated villages in the top of the mountain range, that approximately measures five kilometers of length for one of width, next to the main town are: Jatob, Samambaia and of Ladies. The biggest distance, in the One or the plain in sop of the mountain range, meet the villages Alligator, Surrounded Lagoon, House of Roofing tile, Baixo, Mountain range of the Agouti, Good Jesus, Sand of the Pedros, Mountain range of the Lagoinha, Great Mountain range, Sabonete Small farm, Boa Vista Small farm, Oiticica, Eye d? Water of the Priests. Of these populations, only five were served with freeway, having been the access to excessively made the horse or the foot. The village that hosts the Rank of the FUNAI is distinguished for the organization of the constructions in arruado.
To teach to pupils and pupils to think critically, questioning the culture of masses that is transmitted to them gratuitously, is a duty of the school while education institution, therefore the ethical formation, moral and of conscience politics, comes to the front of a formation solely technique. It is in this direction that the education of History becomes basic, therefore is dialoguing with the past that we understand our proper one better current reality. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out FASEB Journal. The education of history, therefore is a process in continuous transformation and adaptation to the reality of the pupils and the society as a whole. In this process, it is indispensable that the professor folloies the transformations and continuously looks for if to adapt the new demands of education. Pair this the professor must look for to develop new abilities to teach. Inside of this conjuncture the exclusive contributions of the education of History, in the formation of the citizenship, exceed the civic question and of valuation of manufactured heroes.
History teaches to know, to understand and to think the gift with eyes about the past, after all, to understand the occured transformations in such a way in the structural field as in the field of the ideologies more joust is basic for the consolidation of a society. A proposal pedagogical for the education of History that if it does not arrest only to the facts, and that it has as main object the study of the concepts, certainly, it would provide new possibilities, beyond a process of evolution in education and learning of the pupils and pupils in basic education, after all, through a critical vision of the concepts gifts in the personal experience of each one, is born a bigger understanding of the proper reality. It fits to the professor and teacher of History, to rescue these experiences, to give sensible concrete to them and, to make possible the appropriation, as much on the part of pupils and pupils, making possible to them it understanding of such concepts for the life and, not simply to prepare pupils and pupils to enter the Facultieses.
Francisco Javier Story
In eighth of EGB I participated in a writing contest sponsored by Coca Cola. The first phase was carried out in the College and faculty chose the option that each of us wrote a story or story short. They left us for writing Christmas holidays. In the month of January we outlined all our creations; well, all no, my story was read by a colleague, since then I used to get stuck me frequently in public and, for some reason that then I realized, the Professor of language preferred to submit it to one of the kids who read better class, Francisco Javier. Of all the stories, I recall my friend John, who was from a family which emigrated to Germany; It lasts, sentimental and warmly applauded by all.
The third was. In my opinion, he should have won that stage and, sure, it would have made a good role in the final, which was held in Cadiz, since the topic was about democracy and hence John would have scratched the glass. My story was of an orphaned child, the Magi and a kiss of his mother; He came in second. Took first place Juan Manuel, son of the Professor of Mates (not remembrance of what was his story). Got me a book about the history of the Popes. The first two went to the finals (I remember the sadness of Juan). And he spent all without penalty or glory. The case is that a few months later, I heard in Cadena Ser the call for a contest of short and animated stories by a family member, with two players of cassettes domestic and music of Carols, we recorded the master (if what you could call master) with the voice of my sister and ship it to the station.
He spent time and nothing, not a reference, or a letter, no nothing. It could not be. Although the recording was deplorable, that was it, the content was wonderful (for me, that is), had received the applause of an entire class of eighth of EGB. Not explained me. And a day of summer, I fall into a little detail. With the excitement and the rush, had introduced the cassette into an envelope, had put the address of the string be and already is, a return address, nor a reference in its interior with respect to the author, your address etc. The workers of the radio station would be very professional but I doubt they were soothsayers. My joy in a well.