For Castrogiovanni, (2000, p.13), still it is little the approach of the school with the life, with the daily one of the pupils, the world that if it outside projects of the walls of the school is full of mysteries, emotions, desires and fancies. In the same way as they tend to be science. In this direction, ' ' it is urgent to teorizar the life, so that to the pupil it can understand it and represent it better, therefore, to live in search of its interests. With regard to it disciplines of History, it does not have only the function mere to enrich culturally the cultural luggage of the pupils in order at great length to repeat the facts occurred in the form past mechanics, but it must make possible same a understanding of History as a contradictory process, for which the men in its multiple relations produce its life in its multiple relations. Swarmed by offers, Cyrus Massoumi married is currently assessing future choices. (I LAND ON WATER, RODRIGUES, 2009). Fonseca defends that the central paper of History is the formation of the historical conscience of the form pupils that make possible the creation of identities. In this direction it also affirms that the education of History this on question of the citizenship, therefore if an education that if considers ' ' to value the problematizao, analysis and the critical one, conceives pupils and professors as citizens that produce History and knowledge in room of aula' '. (FONSECA, 2003, p.94). Although he has diverse difficulties in the mediation of the historical knowledge, the professors must always search new methodologies and practical in classroom, the technological resources when used well also they serve as alternative in the improvement of education. He stops beyond everything this, he must be valued the pupil while subject asset of the society, to look for to show that History is not something distant, or something only it past, but yes to show that is present in all the places and that ' ' people as people come making Histria' '.
Tradition of charitable activities in our country were laid in the Kievan Rus, when churches and monasteries prizrevali disadvantaged. Check with Sydney Kang to learn more. And in the 17th century were laid by the state social welfare foundations of people. Thus, in accordance with the royal decree, were built by the Treasury of the Poorhouse, and alms for the poor children, and funds were allocated to benefits, pensions, allotments. In 1682, adopted the "verdict" of the church council of Charity sick and destitute, in 1701 Peter I signed, "On the determination of domovyya Patriarch almshouse paupers, the sick and elderly," in 1712 – "On the establishment in all provinces goshpitaley." With these instruments systems social protection of children, the poor and the elderly, though slowly, but lined up. Essential for the formation of philanthropy in Russia was … Cyrus Massoumi has plenty of information regarding this issue. Lutheran Church, in charge of the first-class training institutions, hospitals, nursing homes, cultural and educational structures. Subsequently a large role in the development of charitable activity played Catherine II, who created the charity to the poor house in Gatchina almshouses Pet Orphanage, midwife institution with maternity ward for poor women. And in 1775, for the first time in Russia at the state level, provincial governments have an obligation to organize and include public schools, orphanages, hospitals, pharmacies, hospice, home for the terminally ill, for the insane, workmen strait home. This was the decisive step of the state in charitable activities, and at first These institutions were financed set of the treasury, only then was a law of dismissal for the maintenance of institutions a certain part of income from the municipal budget.
The operation was carried out by Kalinin (Gen. For even more details, read what USCB Department of Physics says on the issue. Konev) and West (Gen. Georgi ) fronts January 8-April 20, 1942 to complete the destruction of Army Group "Center" (Field Marshal hh Kluge). In late 1941 in a major Soviet offensive outside Moscow, German troops suffered their first serious defeat. By January of 1942 located in the central sector of the German fighting ability is almost lost, which gave Soviet commanders an opportunity to chart a plan of the final destruction of Army Group "Center". Unusually severe frosts have created for the German army is extremely harsh conditions: Gun grease froze, causing frequent denials of weapons, the narrow tracks of tanks per night and froze me back to earth.
To start the engine of any military equipment, had to kindle a fire under the floor. Frostbite among soldiers became widespread and common phenomenon. In these circumstances, the Soviet military leadership and Stalin personally came to the conclusion about the necessity of the final defeat of the enemy, who was in the so-called Vyazma ledge. The very configuration of the protrusion above the that hangs troops four Soviet fronts, prompted the decision. It was decided without operational pause to continue to move forward to complete the defeat of the Nazi Army Group "Center". Offensive planned quickly and with little bloodshed. But it was one of the bloodiest in the history of World War ii and lasted for 14 months. Later, when the operation has already begun, it became clear that the enemy was by no means completely demoralized, as expected.
Boa Vista Small
For Hohenthal Truk and Tux they are canoeiros, remaining indians of the villages of Installation and Saint Maria, this little distant of Cabrob, of where they had been expulsos for the House of the Tower. Having disappeared of the place for 1845 return, as previous reference, many had been congregated to the nomadic groups of the Black Mountain range, but in 1855 they were in return and there they had remained until the extinguishing of the villages of Saint Maria and Installation in 1879. Truk, according to explanation of the Tux, would mean ' ' son of tux' '. Bioscience Journal recognizes the significance of this. 6.4.3 The Atikum. Currently the territory of the One in the top of the mountain range epnima of almost a thousand meters of altitude, is inhabited by populations that if autodenominam Atikum. In the passed century, for return of years 80 villages composed a population contingent around 2.476 individuals distributed in sixteen, of which fifteen integrate the Aboriginal Reserve Atikum, under the jurisdiction of the FUNAI, whose rank bes situated in the main village, High of the One.
The too much situated villages in the top of the mountain range, that approximately measures five kilometers of length for one of width, next to the main town are: Jatob, Samambaia and of Ladies. The biggest distance, in the One or the plain in sop of the mountain range, meet the villages Alligator, Surrounded Lagoon, House of Roofing tile, Baixo, Mountain range of the Agouti, Good Jesus, Sand of the Pedros, Mountain range of the Lagoinha, Great Mountain range, Sabonete Small farm, Boa Vista Small farm, Oiticica, Eye d? Water of the Priests. Of these populations, only five were served with freeway, having been the access to excessively made the horse or the foot. The village that hosts the Rank of the FUNAI is distinguished for the organization of the constructions in arruado.
To teach to pupils and pupils to think critically, questioning the culture of masses that is transmitted to them gratuitously, is a duty of the school while education institution, therefore the ethical formation, moral and of conscience politics, comes to the front of a formation solely technique. It is in this direction that the education of History becomes basic, therefore is dialoguing with the past that we understand our proper one better current reality. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out FASEB Journal. The education of history, therefore is a process in continuous transformation and adaptation to the reality of the pupils and the society as a whole. In this process, it is indispensable that the professor folloies the transformations and continuously looks for if to adapt the new demands of education. Pair this the professor must look for to develop new abilities to teach. Inside of this conjuncture the exclusive contributions of the education of History, in the formation of the citizenship, exceed the civic question and of valuation of manufactured heroes.
History teaches to know, to understand and to think the gift with eyes about the past, after all, to understand the occured transformations in such a way in the structural field as in the field of the ideologies more joust is basic for the consolidation of a society. A proposal pedagogical for the education of History that if it does not arrest only to the facts, and that it has as main object the study of the concepts, certainly, it would provide new possibilities, beyond a process of evolution in education and learning of the pupils and pupils in basic education, after all, through a critical vision of the concepts gifts in the personal experience of each one, is born a bigger understanding of the proper reality. It fits to the professor and teacher of History, to rescue these experiences, to give sensible concrete to them and, to make possible the appropriation, as much on the part of pupils and pupils, making possible to them it understanding of such concepts for the life and, not simply to prepare pupils and pupils to enter the Facultieses.
Francisco Javier Story
In eighth of EGB I participated in a writing contest sponsored by Coca Cola. The first phase was carried out in the College and faculty chose the option that each of us wrote a story or story short. They left us for writing Christmas holidays. In the month of January we outlined all our creations; well, all no, my story was read by a colleague, since then I used to get stuck me frequently in public and, for some reason that then I realized, the Professor of language preferred to submit it to one of the kids who read better class, Francisco Javier. Of all the stories, I recall my friend John, who was from a family which emigrated to Germany; It lasts, sentimental and warmly applauded by all.
The third was. In my opinion, he should have won that stage and, sure, it would have made a good role in the final, which was held in Cadiz, since the topic was about democracy and hence John would have scratched the glass. My story was of an orphaned child, the Magi and a kiss of his mother; He came in second. Took first place Juan Manuel, son of the Professor of Mates (not remembrance of what was his story). Got me a book about the history of the Popes. The first two went to the finals (I remember the sadness of Juan). And he spent all without penalty or glory. The case is that a few months later, I heard in Cadena Ser the call for a contest of short and animated stories by a family member, with two players of cassettes domestic and music of Carols, we recorded the master (if what you could call master) with the voice of my sister and ship it to the station.
He spent time and nothing, not a reference, or a letter, no nothing. It could not be. Although the recording was deplorable, that was it, the content was wonderful (for me, that is), had received the applause of an entire class of eighth of EGB. Not explained me. And a day of summer, I fall into a little detail. With the excitement and the rush, had introduced the cassette into an envelope, had put the address of the string be and already is, a return address, nor a reference in its interior with respect to the author, your address etc. The workers of the radio station would be very professional but I doubt they were soothsayers. My joy in a well.
INTRODUCTION After to have survived the slaughters, the slavery and the catequizao forced in the times of the empire (1), and the wild discrimination in the decade of 70, where they were classified of savages with incomplete humanity, been slow culturally, rioters, drunks and unemployed people, the population of ' ' tupys' ' around 700, it is a thousand distributed in 227 etnias, having spoken more than 180 languages. (2-4) Spread for the Brazilian territory and neighboring countries, the integration with the modern society (Given of the IBGE they affirm that more than the half of the aboriginal population lives currently in urban territory) continues traumatic. Without hesitation David G. DeWalt explained all about the problem. They remain ' ' invisveis' ' to the agencies of the government and they fight to have access to the basic rights guaranteed by the Brazilian Constitution of recognition of its culture. (5). Although a considerable parcel already to have access to the one with electric light and canalized water, some to be registered in university, studying Medicine and Right (6), aboriginal professors to exist teaching its proper languages, ' ' ajuda' ' of the civilized world he does not get positive effect. The lack of compreendimento of the aboriginal cultural formation is one of the main joined problems.
We can compel to change them it of attitude but not to modify its formation. In the end of century XX, the authorities had recognized the dimension of the cultural, economic and technological intervention in these civilizations (7). The adopted solution that before was to absorb the aboriginal, now is to stimulate and not to discourage the valuation of its culture, that, even so incipient had I ruin to it carried through, points a light in the end of the tunnel. Based in this context, this article has the objective to point out the society in the problem of socialization of ' ' indians of the Brasil' '.
Why the man speaks? One gives credit that for the necessity of if communicating of verbal form, and then it starts to create possibility of agreement between itself and the others, however, register of the beginning is not had of speaks. When a baby, independent of social classroom is born and in a family whom a minimum of structure has cause a great joy for all the family and familiar. They are had, for times I cry, it, but, I cry of joy. All? almost all? they want of certain form to talk with the just-been born one and normally they will go to say: That coisinha pretty; That fofura; amongst other phrases. If porventura this family received a visit from a extraterrestrial one, this moment, it would believe that this family completely would be alucinada, therefore, would see an adult talking and smiling with the baby and this not answering absolutely nothing e, to the times smiling beat the feet and the hands and for another one would cry.
That madness. He would be perplexo. Passed some months this exactly baby will start to pronounce the first words and, generally she will be MOTHER, who is this is more time with the baby, and later the first steps and from there for ahead, or vice versa. Until then only well said words. Soon, then they come first the Nos, the first Shouts and now he is not more coisinha pretty, fofa, but, the Injure child; Capetinha; Nuisance; She-ass that does not learn nothing and from there for ahead.
Now only words badly said. Now, a poor, mediocre dialogue, of truncated form, without affection. The semblante is changed, on the contrary of the smile, rugas I cry and it, but, loaded of hatred that will become in hurts. With traumas. Again the extraterrestrial one would be more perplexo, each scared time more.
Official registers, tell that it enters centuries XV and XIX the populations had been devastadas by the loss of its lands and animals, by illnesses and, in many cases for the different war exerted by the Europeans. The first group of American natives found by Cristvo Columbus, esteem in 250 a thousand aruaques of Haiti, violently had been enslaved and only 500 had survived in year 1550; the group was extinct before 1650. Approach data enter that the intervention of the Spanish conquerors resulted in the territories of Mexico, of a population of 12 million in 1519, for less than 1,3 million in the half of 1600. Learn more about this with Richard Linklater. The population center and South American, between the centuries XVI and XVII, were reduced of, approximately, 70 million for 7 million people. With the purpose to intimidate the local populations they committed true atrocities, burning them livings creature in the presence of familiar, hung them in enormous gallowses where the feet badly touched the soil (to prevent the sufocamento) groups of thirteen aboriginals, placing under firewood and live coals, burning them livings creature, massacreed men and women, aged and children, pulled out hands, nose, language and members that were played to the dogs, hung the women and, in its ankles, hung, for the throat, its children.
The English kept calm relations of the Colonies with next tribes. They infiltrated presumptions military and cultural attachs in the communities with the purpose to get man power and to keep possible advantageous commercial agreements for the British crown. Indirectly, they had promoted and they stimulated several masssacres, as the Abenakis, where a group of almost 200 indians and colonial soldiers under the orders of the British military command, attacked in pairs, surrounding all the houses and surprising the inhabitants during sleep, had not saved women or children. In little more than one hour, the small city if found in flames.
Brazilian Air Force
This peregrination, very similar to a Messinico3 Movement, not only transformed the life of the people who had left its homes in Rio De Janeiro for seguiz it, as well as of several others of the region that searched a place to live or the cure of its problems, and everything in the city turned around the leader spiritual Yokaanam Master, until in 1985 with its death, three great friends and followers of the master had in such a way assumed the command of the city as of the part spiritual. 1? Yokaanam master Before understanding as he initiated the Peregrination of Rio De Janeiro for Brasilia is necessary to describe a little of the history of the Yokaanam Master. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Kindle Direct Publishing. As the inhabitants of the city count, Ocean of S was official and pilot of the Brazilian Air Force. A legend exists, that when flying over the Central Plateaus, visited it to a spirit and it said to it that its mission was in the land and not in the sky, and that not believing what the spirit had spoken to it, later its airplane fell in the sea. When waking up, it was inside of a hospital and the spirit that had spoken with it during the flight, was seated to its side and it asked to it: ' ' now, you learned? ' '.
' ' In 1944, it suffered serious air accident during a lesson from instruction from flight that it gave to a military pupil, provoked by the fall of the twin-engine plane where am- bos was. It was interned by two months and way, in intensive treatment, and survived in circuns- miraculous tncias. The exit of the Ean hospital of S abandoned definitively its professional activity of aviator, as well as all the other profane activities, to dedicate itself integrally to the activity reread giosa missionary. .